AIRCRAFT POWERPLANT NEW CONCEPTS, CONTROL AND MAINTENANCE

Teaching in italian
AIRCRAFT POWERPLANT NEW CONCEPTS, CONTROL AND MAINTENANCE
Teaching
AIRCRAFT POWERPLANT NEW CONCEPTS, CONTROL AND MAINTENANCE
Subject area
ING-IND/09
Reference degree course
AEROSPACE ENGINEERING
Course type
Master's Degree
Credits
9.0
Teaching hours
Frontal Hours: 81.0
Academic year
2023/2024
Year taught
2024/2025
Course year
2
Language
ENGLISH
Curriculum
CURRICULUM AEROSPACE SYSTEMS

Teaching description

Teaching program is provisional and may be subject to changes

Course Requirements

Knowledge of the operating principles of fluid machinery and fluid dynamics. Basic elements of design and technology of fluid machines. Knowledge of aircraft propulsion and the basic principles of flight mechanics.

ADVANCED PROPULSION CONCEPTS, FLUID MECHANICAL DESIGN OF AIRCRAFT ENGINE TURBOMACHINERY, DESIGN AND PRODUCTION OF INNOVATIVE TURBOMACHINERY, AIRWORTHINESS AND ENGINE HEALTH MANAGEMENT, ENGINE CONTROL, COMBUSTION.

Aims of the course

(knowledge and understanding)

- Specialist knowledge of propulsion, advanced elements of mechanical design of aircraft engines.

- Knowledge of the internal fluid dynamics.

- Insights on design and technological features and performance of different types of engines.

- Insights into automatic controls and system design aimed at providing an integrated view of the aerospace product.

- Knowledge of advanced propulsion systems.

- Knowledge of specific technical terms in English.

(applying knowledge and understanding)

- Understanding of the main features of a project of the engine.

- Ability to perform sketches and preliminary dimensioning of the components of an aircraft engine.

- Ability to take action in the main stages the project of an aircraft engine.

- Advanced capabilities for the analysis of systems and control techniques.

- Ability to see the product in the form of system integrated complex.

(making judgements)

- Ability to analyze the mission requirements of the aircraft and to evaluate the necessary engine performance.

- Ability to understand the technological issues and system integration for the engine.

- Ability to understand the problems of research and development of an aircraft engine or of an aviation system.

(communication skills)

- Ability to communicate with experts in other fields of engineering for the integrated design of the engine.

(learning skills)

- Development of learning skills that enable to continue to study for the most part autonomously.

- Availability update the acquired knowledge.

Lectures; practical experiences in laboratories; homework (design project). Software applications for the design of aircraft engines and systems, using software as Python, TESPY, Colaboratory, OPENMODELICA, Octave, OpenFoam.

Laboratory

Engine performance Lab, Engine Monitoring Lab.

https://sites.google.com/site/greenenginelab2/home

Homework (desig project)

Application examples and design of aircraft engines and systems. Turbofan, turbofans with high bypass ratio, turboprop propeller design. Systems for Civil and military aircraft, helicopters, light aircraft. Fluid-dynamics numerical simulations applied to engines and systems design.

http://www.aircraftenginedesign.com/index.html (free software)

http://www.aircraftenginedesign.com/custom3.html

http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/freesoftware_page.htm

http://www.cfdsupport.com/openfoam-for-windows.html

Exam procedures

The exam consists in the preparation of a Homework (desig project) and an oral interview (even remotely carried out).

A design project related to aircraft engines or systems will be conducted. Homework assignments will be due at least one month before the examination. The deliverables are a written report (in digital format, with any files used for calculations and the relevant bibliography) and the discussion of the work. You must acknowledge all references (both literature and people) used; all the deliverables will be sent by email to the instructor at least 10 days before the oral examination.

The oral examination consists of the discussion of the work of the year and a series of questions on the matters stated in the course program for the evaluation of acquired knowledge on the principles of operation of engines and aircraft systems, their performance and the principles of design and in general on the technologies of these systems.

TEACHING MATERIAL IS AVAILABLE ON THE E-LEARNING PAGE

https://elearning.unisalento.it/?redirect=0

 

PYTHON

https://www.python.org/

COLAB

https://colab.research.google.com/#

ANACONDA

https://www.anaconda.com/products/distribution

JUPITER

https://jupyter.org/

 

OCTAVE

https://octave.org/

 

OPENFOAM

http://www.cfdsupport.com/openfoam-for-windows.html

 

SCILAB

https://www.scilab.org/

https://cloud.scilab.in/

https://atoms.scilab.org/

https://atoms.scilab.org/toolboxes/XCPL/0.1.1

https://atoms.scilab.org/toolboxes/coselica/0.6.6

XCOS

https://www.scilab.org/software/xcos

https://xcos.fossee.in/

https://xcos.fossee.in/example

 

OPENMODELICA

https://www.openmodelica.org/

https://om.fossee.in/

https://modelica.org/libraries.html

https://modelon.com/products/modelon-library-suite-modelica-libraries/

 

DESIGN

https://tespy.readthedocs.io/en/main/

https://github.com/tvlady/TED

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/preliminary-design-f110-3-stage-fan-using-custom-python-ted-vlady

https://github.com/NAnand-TUD/parablade

https://dafoam.github.io/index.html

https://dafoam.github.io/mydoc_tutorials_aero_rotor37.html

https://python.hotexamples.com/it/examples/engine_turbofan/Propulsion/-/python-propulsion-class-examples.html

https://github.com/alopezrivera/huracan

https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijeat/issue/66272/1029803

https://www.alexkenan.com/pymae/more/

https://www.kaggle.com/code/vinayak123tyagi/damage-propagation-modeling-for-aircraft-engine/notebook

https://github.com/junzis/openap

https://github.com/AeroPython/PyFME

https://aedsys.software.informer.com/1.2/

https://www.fzt.haw-hamburg.de/pers/Scholz/PreSTo.html

https://github.com/fsandre/mcflight

https://github.com/zeta-plusplus/AircraftDynamics

https://github.com/modelica-3rdparty/PropulsionSystem

https://modelon.com/library/jet-propulsion-library/

https://github.com/juri117/hybrid-propulsion-simulation

http://www.aircraftdesign.ca/software/pyacdt/pyacdt.html

https://github.com/modelica-3rdparty/PropulsionSystem

https://pypi.org/project/propeller-design-tools/

 

COMBUSTION

https://cantera.org/examples/python/index.html

 

NASA

http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/freesoftware_page.htm

https://www.grc.nasa.gov/www/k-12/Enginesim/index.htm

https://www.kaggle.com/datasets/behrad3d/nasa-cmaps

https://www.kaggle.com/code/sanchitapaul/nasa-turbofan-degradation-model

 

CAD 3D

https://grabcad.com/library

https://sketchfab.com/3d-models/airbus-a320-airplane-enigne-turbofan-eaef1f155d7c4d0984063a8360c432cd

https://www.caeses.com/

 

OTHER REFERENCES

An Introduction to Combustion, McGrawHill.

Performance of Light Aircraft (Aiaa Education Series), ISBN-10: 1563473305, ISBN-13: 978-1563473302, http://www.amazon.com.

Aerothermodynamics of Aircraft Engine Components, Author W. S. Blazowski, E.E. Zukoski, ISBN 978-1-60086-005-8, Publisher AIAA.

Flight Performance of Fixed and Rotary Wing Aircraft - Elsevier (Butterworth-Heinemann), Antonio Filippone, ISBN: 978-0-7506-6817-0, ISBN10: 0-7506-6817-2, http://textbooks.elsevier.com/web/product_details.aspx?isbn=9780750668170.

Civil Jet Aircraft Design - Lloyd R. Jenkinson, Paul Simpkin, Darren Rhodes, AIAA Education Series, ISBN-10: 1-56347-350-X, ISBN-13: 978-1-56347-350-0, http://www.aiaa.org/content.cfm?pageid=360&id=621.

Elements of Propulsion: Gas Turbines and Rockets, Jack Mattingly, Hans von Ohain, AIAA Education Series, ISBN-10: 1-56347-779-3, ISBN-13: 978-1-56347-779-9, http://www.aiaa.org/content.cfm?pageid=360&id=1343, http://www.amazon.com.

Jeppesen Aircraft Gas Turbine Powerplants, Charles E. Otis, ISBN: 0884873110.

Principles of Helicopter Aerodynamics (Cambridge Aerospace Series), J. Gordon Leishman, Cambridge University Press, ISBN-10: 0521858607, ISBN-13: 978-0521858601, http://www.amazon.com.

PPSG Volume 1 - Piston Engines & Supercharging, http://shop.pilotwarehouse.co.uk/product222023catno0.html.

Aircraft Gas Turbine Engine Technology, Irwin E Treager, ISBN-13 9780028018287, McGraw-Hill, http://catalogs.mhhe.com/mhhe/viewProductDetails.do?isbn=0028018281.

Flow and Combustion in Reciprocating Engines, Arcoumanis, C.; Kamimoto, Take (Eds.), SpringerLink, Hardcover, ISBN 978-3-540-64142-1, Softcover, ISBN 978-3-642-08385-3, http://www.springer.com/materials/mechanics/book/978-3-540-64142-1.

Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Turbomachinery, S. L. Dixon, Elsevier.

Jet Engine and Propulsion Systems for Engineers (GE Aircraft Engine).

 

INTERNET RESOURCES

http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/airplane/bgp.html

ADVANCED PROPULSION CONCEPTS

Hybrid propulsion, electric propulsion, more electrical engine and aircraft.

FLUID MECHANICAL DESIGN OF AIRCRAFT ENGINE TURBOMACHINERY

The Design Process.

Constraint Analysis.

Mission Analysis.

Aircraft Engine Efficiency and Thrust Measures.

Engine Selection: Parametric Cycle Analysis.

Engine Selection: Performance Cycle Analysis.

Sizing the Engine: Installed Performance.

Engine Component Design: Global and Interface Quantities. Concept, Design Tools, Engine Systems Design.

Engine Component Design: Rotating Turbomachinery. Concept, Design Tools.

DESIGN AND PRODUCTION OF INNOVATIVE TURBOMACHINERY

Material Properties.

SUPERALLOYS FOR TURBINES and MANUFACTURING METHODS.

Additive manufacturing.

AIRWORTHINESS AND ENGINE HEALTH MANAGEMENT

Turbine Engine Life Management.

Engine Monitoring and Health Management, Integrated Control and Health Monitoring.

AIRWORTHINESS AND ENVIRONMENTAL CERTIFICATION

- Aircraft Certification and Production Standards.

- Type Certificates.

- Rules for Initial Airworthiness.

- Certification Specification (CS).

ENGINE CONTROL

Engine Control Systems.

Aircraft Engine Controls.

- Engine Modeling and Simulation.

Design of Set-Point Controllers. Design of Transient and Limit Controllers.

Advanced Control Concepts.

COMBUSTION

Engine Component Design: Combustion Systems. Concept, Main Burner, Afterburners.

COURSE BOOKS

Aircraft Engine Design, Second Edition - Jack D. Mattingly, William H. Heiser, David T. Pratt, AIAA Education Series, ISBN-10: 1-56347-538-3, ISBN-13: 978-1-56347-538-2, http://www.aiaa.org/content.cfm?pageid=360&id=975, http://www.amazon.com.

Turbo-Machinery Dynamics: Design and Operations, A. S. Rangwala, S. Rangwala a., McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing, ISBN: 0071453695, ISBN-13: 9780071453691.

Aircraft Engine Controls: Design, System Analysis, and Health Monitoring, Link C. Jaw, Jack D. Mattingly, AIAA Education Series, ISBN-10: 1-60086-705-7, ISBN-13: 978-1-60086-705-7, http://www.aiaa.org/content.cfm?pageid=360&id=1759.

Aircraft Fuel Systems, Roy Langton, Chuck Clark, Martin Hewitt, Lonnie Richards, AIAA Education Series, ISBN-10: 1-56347-963-X, ISBN-13: 978-1-56347-963-2, http://www.aiaa.org/content.cfm?pageid=360&id=1741.

Design and Development of Aircraft Systems, 2nd Edition, Ian Moir, Allan Seabridge, ISBN: 978-1-1184-6914-9, E-book, November 2012, Wiley.

Aircraft Systems: Mechanical, Electrical and Avionics Subsystems Integration, 3rd Edition, Ian Moir, Allan Seabridge, ISBN: 978-1-1199-6520-6, E-book, August 2011, Wiley.

Contact the instructor (antonio.ficarella@unisalento.it) for more lecture notes.

Semester

Exam type
Compulsory

Type of assessment
Oral - Final grade

Course timetable
https://easyroom.unisalento.it/Orario

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